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2.6. Diagnostics of malfunctions of a body

Cause of defect

Elimination method

Dark stains on a body surface

Hit of particles of asphalt, bitumen on front surfaces of a body (usually near wheel arches and in the lower part of doors)

Immediately remove bitumen "A cleaner of bituminous spots" or similar medicine. It is impossible to apply gasoline or solvents. Insignificant damages to a zapoliruyta, at considerable damages recolour a body

Use of hot water for a wash of the car

Remove insignificant damages with polishing, at considerable damages recolour a body

Pink spots on the surfaces painted in light color

Long impact of cooling liquid on a paint and varnish covering

Zapoliruyte the damaged places or recolour a body

Light spots on the surfaces painted in dark color

Long storage of the car under an air-tight cover, adjacent to a body

Zapoliruyte the damaged places or recolour a body

The paint and varnish covering lost initial gloss

Natural aging of a covering because of long operation of the car

For care of the old car apply polishing pastes to weather-beaten coverings (abrasive)

Damage of a paint and varnish covering because of the wrong leaving: "dry" rubbing, application of rigid brushes at a sink.

Zapoliruyte the damaged places

Chips of a paint and varnish covering

Degrease the damaged place white spirit or BR-1 gasoline and tint repair enamel

Vspuchivaniye and peeling of a paint and varnish covering

Long influence of brake fluid, solvents, other aggressive liquids (electrolyte, etc.) on a paint and varnish covering

Remove the cause of hit of aggressive liquids on a body surface, carefully wash out water of the place of damages, smooth out a skin, degrease white spirit or BR-1 gasoline, ground (GF-021 soil) and tint

Corrosion of a body

If only the surface of metal is struck, smooth out a skin the damaged place, remove rust traces (medicine for removal of a rust, according to the instruction to medicine), degrease white spirit or BR-1 gasoline, ground (GF-021 soil) and tint

Water gets into salon

The increased gap on door perimeter with a body

Adjust the provision of a door, the lock

The door sealant is put leaky on, its framework is crumpled

Densely put on a sealant, if necessary replace it.

Water gets on a sealant of wind or back glass

Adjust, miss the mark cracks with sealant, smooth out a rust on a body and paint over (or cover with anticorrosive structure), hardened or cracked a sealant replace

Cooling liquid gets into salon

The crane or radiator of a heater leaks

Replace, a radiator, the crane. Tightness of a radiator is checked in a bathtub with hot water supply air in it under pressure of 1 atm.

The door is not closed

Position of the case of a clamp of the lock of a door is not adjusted

Adjust position of the case of a clamp of the lock of a door

Violation of geometry of a body owing to blow or as a result of long operation under trying conditions

Correct the deformed details. Avoid driving on bad roads and car overloads

Jamming of mobile details of the lock

Grease details with VTV-1 lubricant in aerosol package or TsIATIM-201,-221. Correct the deformed details or replace

The door does not open and is not locked by a key

Water in the lock froze, dirt got

In cold weather use "Avtorazmorazhivatel of locks" in aerosol package or similar medicine. In warm weather grease the lock with VTV-1 lubricant in aerosol package or WD-40, TsIATIM-201,-221

The draft connecting the lock mechanism to the lever of a core of a larva was disconnected

Put on draft, replace the broken plastic tips

The door does not open the external handle

Are deformed the lever of the lock on which the handle pusher leans. Jam lock details

Correct the deformed details or replace, grease the Litol-24 lock mechanism

The door knocks at the movement of the car

Are absent or are put incorrectly on a sealant, gaps between a door and a body are increased

Check gaps between a door and a body, if necessary correct or replace panels. If a sealant do not keep on the places (the spring holder is weakened), replace them

Jamming of a cracker of a clamp in a reciprocal part of the lock or breakage of its spring

Clear a clamp of dirt and old lubricant, grease it with LSTs-1, TsIATIM-201,-221. Replace the broken spring

The lock of a cowl or door of a back does not open the handle from salon

Break of draft of the drive of the lock

Replace draft

Length of draft of the drive of the lock is big

Adjust draft length

Position of the lock is not adjusted

Adjust position of the lock

The handle of unlocking of the lock of a cowl or door of a back does not come back to a starting position

Deformation of details of the lock or cover of draft

Correct or replace the deformed details

Breakage of a spring of the lock

Replace a spring

The cowl or door of a back is not locked

The lock spring is broken or weakened

Replace a spring

Draft of the drive of the lock is shortened

Adjust draft length

Wrong adjustment of the lock

Adjust the lock

Lowering glass is not fixed in a standard position

The spring brake of the mechanism of a window regulator is broken

Replace the window regulator mechanism

The effort on the window regulator handle is high

The door frame is deformed

Correct or replace a door

Breakage of the mechanism of a window regulator

Replace a window regulator

The handle of a window regulator rotates, flew down not movably

The holder came off glass

Establish a holder on glass

Vents on the window regulator handle are broken

Replace the handle

Adjustment of an inclination of a back and movement of a front seat is complicated

Breakage of teeths of a clamp of a back, jamming of the mechanism of movement of a seat (sled) because of its wear or lack of lubricant

Replace a seat framework, grease the mechanism of longitudinal movement, replace worn-out details