1.3. Safety measures at repair

The room where repair work is carried out, has to be aired well, a door – it is easy to open both from within, and outside. Always you hold pass to a door free.

You store Toplivosmazochny and flammable substances in an unbreakable container on a floor or on shelves with otbortovka. If gasoline or solvent spread, do not include and do not cut off electricity in order to avoid ignition from a spark between contacts of the switch (electric motors and heating devices disconnect immediately); air the room. Fill up the poured oil with sand. Store the oiled rags separately, it is desirable in a metal box – danger of ignition! For lighting of the room, whenever possible, use atmosferoizolirovanny (tight) lamps, luminescent lamps. It is also desirable to have network of low voltage (to 36 V) for works on the street and on an uninsulated floor, in a hole, etc.

Use welding cylinders only with regular reducers. It is strictly forbidden to grease the gate of an oxygen cylinder or to bring to it the oiled rags – it can cause explosion.

During the work with gas welding points with dark glasses are necessary. For electric welding the mask with the special light filter is necessary. Points with transparent glasses or a mask are obligatory during the work with the detachable machine ("Bulgarian"), elektrotochily, are desirable when drilling and metalwork works.

For the period of welding works stock up with the fire extinguisher (better with carbon dioxide). Before electric welding disconnect all electronic control units from onboard network of the car, and "mass" contact of a welding wire have as it is possible closer to the place of welding.

Track that current did not pass through mobile (bearings, spherical support) or threaded connections – they can be damaged.

At repair of chains of electric equipment or danger of their damage (welding, a rikhtovka near plaits of wires) switch-off the minus plug of the rechargeable battery.

Do not open a radiator stopper on the hot engine – burns are possible. Do not disconnect on the working engine (and also at the included ignition) wires and devices of system of ignition – defeat by electric current is possible. In order to avoid the fire do not sort a power supply system and its knots and do not check pressure in a fuel stage of the VAZ-21214 engine, the final collector will not cool down yet.

Protect fingers from the rotating drives, blades of electric fans of the cooling system of the engine (you perform all works with them only at a deenergized power-supply circuit of electric motors). During the works near an aluminum radiator be careful – its plates very sharp. It is desirable to put on leather gloves or to cover a radiator with a piece of a cardboard or plywood.
During the work in a motor compartment thermal burns can be got from a radiator, the thermostat, a head of the block of cylinders, a final collector, a reception pipe, the splashed-out cooling liquid (or vapor jets).

Do not use the faulty tool: rozhkovy keys with the "revealed" pharynx or the crumpled sponges, screw-drivers with the rounded or twisted shliyets, passatizh with badly fixed plastic handles, hammers with the unrecorded handle, etc. For are sewn up hands from cuts and bruises during "power" operations put on gloves (better leather). It is more preferable to pull a key on itself, than to press it – so less risk to be traumatized.

For raising of the car, whenever possible, use rhombic or hydraulic jacks instead of regular – they are steadier and reliable. Lifting or lowering the car (on a jack or the elevator), never you are under it.

Previously be convinced that the corresponding power elements of a body (amplifiers of a floor, thresholds) are rather strong. Use only regular points of support for raising of the car. It is forbidden to hang out the car on two or more jacks – use supports of industrial production. It is forbidden to load or unload the car standing on a jack (to sit down in it, to remove or install the engine, suspension bracket springs, etc.) if under it there are people. At car repairs with the removed engine (the power unit) consider that the razvesovka on axes changed: when posting on a jack such car can fall. Work only at the flat nonslipping platform, under not hung out wheels enclose an emphasis.

During the operation of the engine carbon oxide – poisonous gas without color and a smell is emitted. It is possible to get poisoned with it even in an open garage therefore before launch of the engine provide a compulsory extract of the fulfilled gases out of garage limits. At its absence it is necessary to launch the engine for a short time, having put on an exhaust pipe a hose piece — at the same time the system of release and its connection with a hose have to be tight!

The fulfilled motor and transmission oils contain cancerogenic connections. Wipe greasy hands rags, then wipe with special "means for cleaning of hands" (or sunflower oil) and wash up warm water with soap. It is impossible to wash the oiled hands with hot water – harmful substances easily get through skin! Wipe the hands poured by gasoline pure rags and wash up with soap.

The cooling and brake liquids at hit in an organism can cause poisoning. If it happened, it is necessary to cause immediately vomiting, to wash out a stomach, at a serious poisoning to accept salt laxative, to see a doctor. At hit of liquids on hands it is necessary to wash away their large number waters.

The electrolyte which got on skin causes burning, reddening. Wash away it a large amount of cold water (it is impossible to wash away it soap!), then wash out hands solution of baking soda or liquid ammonia. Remember that sulfuric acid even in small concentration destroys organic fibers – protect clothes! During the work with the rechargeable battery (electrolyte is almost always present also at its surface) put on glasses, protective clothes and rubber gloves.

Gasoline, oils, rubber products, plastic and brake fluid, lead accumulators are extremely slowly processed in the nature. Protect the environment, protect the health!